Best Frontend Frameworks of 2021 for Web Development

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Top 3 Frontend Frameworks of 2021

#1 React

One of the simplest frameworks to learn – React – was developed at Facebook to fix code maintainability issues due to the constant addition of features in the app. An open-source framework now, React stands out because of its virtual Document Object Model (DOM), which offers its exceptional functionality. An ideal framework for those who anticipate high traffic and need a stable platform to handle it. 

As a technology consultant, I would recommend React for projects that involve building single-page web applications and PWAs. 

Pros: 

  • Reusability of components makes it easy to collaborate and reuse them in other parts of the application
  • Consistent and seamless performance with the use of virtual DOM
  • The best alternative to writing components in React hooks, it allows you to write components without classes and lets you learn React more easily
  • React dev tools are advanced and super useful 

Cons:

  • Due to multiple and constant updates in the framework, it is difficult to make the proper documentation and so does it impacts the learning curve for beginners
  • Developers find it hard to understand the complexities of JSX while beginning with the framework
  • It only gives frontend solutions

When to use React:

React is used for building the user interface, especially when you want to develop single-page applications. It is the most robust frontend framework when you want to develop an interactive interface with less time since you can reuse the components. 

When not to use React:

When you don’t have hands-on experience with Javascript, React isn’t the recommended option. Also, for inexperienced developers, the JSX learning curve is a bit tough.

#2 Angular

You cannot have a list of the best front end development frameworks without Angular. Angular is the only framework that is based on TypeScript on this list. Officially launched in 2016, Angular was developed by Google to bridge the gap between the increasing demands of technology and conventional concepts that showed results.

Unlike React, Angular is unique with its two-way data binding feature. It means there is a real-time synchronization between the model and the view, where any change in the model reflects instantly on the view and vice versa.

If your project involves building mobile or web apps, Angular is perfect! Besides, you can also use this framework to develop multi-page as well as progressive web apps. Companies like BMW, Xbox, Forbes, Blender, and others deploy applications built with Angular.

Compared to React, Angular is not easy to learn. Though there is innumerable documentation available, they are either too complex or confusing to read.

Pros:

  • In-built functionality to update the changes made in model to the view and so does vice-versa
  • Reduces the amount of code since most of the prominent features like two-way data binding are provided by default
  • Decouples the components from the dependencies by defining them external elements
  • Components are reusable and easy to manage using the dependency injection
  • A vast community for learning and support

Cons:

  • Since Angular is the complete dynamic solution, there are multiple ways you can perform the task, so the learning curve is steeper. However, the large community of Angular makes it easy for new learners to learn about concepts and technology
  • It happens that dynamic apps don’t perform well sometimes because of their complex structure and size. However, code optimization and best practices of Angular 

When to use Angular

Angular augments the performance of browser-based applications by dynamically updating the contents in no time since it uses two-way data binding. For enterprise based applications and dynamic web apps, using Angular is the best bet. 

When not to use Angular

Angular is a complete solution as a frontend framework. If you want to build applications with limited scopes, you will not be able to use the resources that Angular provides. Also, when you have a more minor size team, opt for a smaller framework with fewer complexities and simple syntax. 

#3 Vuejs

One of the most popular front-end frameworks nowadays, Vue is a simple and straightforward framework. It is good at removing the complexities that Angular developers face. It is smaller in size and offers two major advantages – visual DOM and component-based. It is also a 2-way binding.

Vue is versatile, and it helps you with multiple tasks. From building web applications and mobile apps to progressive web applications, it can handle both simple and dynamic processes with ease.

Though it is built to optimize app performance and tackle complexities, it is not widely popular among market giants. However, Alibaba, 9gag, Reuters, Xiaomi are users of this framework. Vue continues to grow in terms of adoptions despite fewer takers from Silicon Valley. 

Pros:

  • Extensive and detailed documentation
  • Simple syntax – programmers with the javascript background can easily get started with Vuejs
  • Flexibility to design the app structure 
  • Typescript support 

Cons:

  • Lack of stability in components
  • Relatively small community 
  • Language barrier with plugins and components (most plugins written in Chinese language)

When to use:

Vuejs is recommended for flexible design structures. It lets you design everything from scratch and is successful in developing giant projects as well. 

When not to use:

If you think the support community would be there to answer the complexities, Vuejs is not the right path to go. Also, the applications requiring stable components aren’t suitable to be built with Vuejs since the framework has shown problems with the stability of components.